Profile

Mexico Profile

Film-Friendly Mexico has designed this country profile so that you have a quick reference source of basic information that may be useful to you during your stay in our country. By reviewing this data you will get to know and have a more precise perspective of your host country, allowing you a better familiarization, with Mexico and its people, which will in turn benefit your coexistence and work relation with our community, and your decision-making process during your shoot in Mexico.

Official Name: United Mexican States

  • Capital City:

    • Name: Mexico City (Distrito Federal)

    • Geographic coordinates: 19 26 N, 99 08 W

    • Time Difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)

    • Summer Time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October

    • Note: Mexico is divided into three time zones (see time zone map)

Major cities: Guadalajara, Jalisco; Monterrey, Nuevo León: Puebla, Puebla: Veracruz, Veracruz; Tijuana, Baja California

Republic administrative divisions: 31 states and 1 federal district; Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Estado de México, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Sinaloa Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas.

Geographic coordinates: 23 00 N 102 00

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States.

Total area: 1,972 550 km²

  • Area:

    • Land: 1,943,945 km²

    • Water: 20,430 km²

Area - comparative: Slightly less than three times the size of Texas.

  • Land boundaries:

    • Total: 4,353 km

    • Bordering countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, USA 3,141 km

Coastline: 11,122 km. This data corresponds exclusively to its continental part, without including insular coasts.

Climate: Varies from tropical to desert (see climatic regions map)

Terrain: High, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus;

  • Elevation extremes:

    • Lowest point: Salada Lagoon-10 m

    • Highest point: Pico de Orizaba Volcano 5,700 m

Natural resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

Total population: 112 322 757 (Census: 12-06-2010)

Density: 57 people/km²

  • Age structure:

    • 0-14 years: 28.2% (male 16,395,974/female 15,714,182)

    • 15-64 years: 65.2% (male 35,842,495/female 38,309,528)

    • 65 years and over: 6.6% (male 3,348,495/female 4,113,552) (2011 est.)

  • Median age:

    • Total: 27.1 years

    • Male: 26 years

    • Female: 28.1 years (2011 est.)

Major cities - Population: MEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)

  • Ethnic groups: Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

  • Religions: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1% (2000 census)

  • Urbanization:

    • Urban population: 78% of total population (2010)

    • Rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

    • Note: Mexico City is the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, after Sao Paulo (Brazil), but before New York-Newark (US)

  • Language: Spanish is the national language of use. There are also 67 + indigenous languages. English is also spoken in areas of major socioeconomic development.

Government type: Federal democratic republic

President: Enrique Peña Nieto

Independence: 16 September 1810

GDP Total: US$ 1,039 thousand million dollars - Current prices (Source: IMF)

GDP per capita: US$9,566 - Current prices (Source: IMF - April 2011)

HDI - Human Development Index - (2010): 0,750[1] (56º) - High

Currency: Peso ($, MXN)

Country codes for planes: XA, XB, XC

Member of: OAS, UN, OECD, NAFTA, G-20, G-5, APEC, G.3, Rio Group

Electricity: 130 volts, 60Hz. Standard plugs in Mexico are two-pin, flat-blade attachments.

Radio communication prefix: 4AA-4CZ, 6DA-6JZ, XAA-XIZ

Phone prefix: +52

Communications: The international access code for Mexico is +52. For calls out of Mexico, dial 00 and then the required country's international access code (e.g. 001 for North America). Area and city codes are also used (e.g. (0)55 for Mexico City). There are US long-distance phone companies, with access numbers expats can dial when using a phone card; a cheaper option for international calls. Only use official Telmex phone booths for making international calls; all others are very expensive. There is GSM 1900 network coverage throughout most of Mexico. Internet cafés and personal broadband are widely available

Emergencies: The emergency numbers in Mexico are 060 and 080.

Internet domain: .mx

Time: There are four time zones in Mexico: GMT -6, -7 and -8 with daylight savings; and the state of Sonora is GMT -7 year-round.

  • Time zone:

    • UTC-6 a UTC-8

    • UTC-5 a UTC-7 (in the Summer) (see map)

  • Time difference with key cities of the film / audio-visual production:

    • Los Angeles: - 2 hours

    • New York: +1 hour

    • Toronto: +1 hour

    • Montréal: 0

    • Vancouver: - 2 hours

    • London: + 6 hours

    • Madrid: + 7 hours

    • Paris: + 7 hours

    • Rome: + 7 hours

    • Tokyo: + 14 hours

    • New Delhi: + 11.5 hours

    • Sydney: + 15 hours

    • Auckland: +18 hours

  • Contact numbers of embassies of key countries of film/audio-visual production:

    • US Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5080 2000

    • British Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5242 8500

    • Canadian Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5724 7900

    • Australian Embassy. Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 1101 2200

    • Japanese Embassy, Mexico City: + 52 (0) 55 5211 0028

    • New Zealand Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5283 9460

    • French Embassy, Mexico City : +52 (0) 55 9171 9700

    • Indian Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5531 1050

    • Italian Embassy, Mexico City: +52 (0) 55 5596 3655